La Reserva del Ejército ofrece más de 150 especialidades ocupacionales militares en campos como la mecánica, la informática y la tecnología, la construcción, la ingeniería, el transporte y la aviación. Para unirte a la Reserva del Ejército, debes ser un ciudadano de los EE.UU., tener entre 17 y 35 años de edad, estar en buen estado físico y tener una buena reputación moral. Aunque el ASVAB no es una prueba del tipo de aprobado o desaprobado, tendrás que obtener un mínimo de 31 puntos en el AFQT para calificar para el alistamiento en el Ejército.
Cada rama del servicio tiene su propio sistema individual de las puntuaciones ASVAB. Los reclutadores y consejeros de empleos militares utilizan estas puntuaciones, junto con otros factores como la disponibilidad de empleos, la elegibilidad autorización de seguridad, calificaciones médicas, y la fuerza física, para que coincida con los reclutas potenciales con empleos militares.

The ASVAB is a series of tests developed by the Department of Defense and is used by the U.S. Army to determine whether you have the mental aptitude to enlist. The ASVAB also helps determine which Military Occupational Specialties (MOS) you qualify for. The ASVAB is required to enlist in the U.S. Army and is valid for two years. The ASVAB may be given in a computerized version at a Military Entrance Processing Station (MEPS) or in a paper version at various Military Entrance Test (MET) sites around the country or at high schools and colleges. 
For almost a century, the U.S. military has been a pioneer in the field of using aptitude tests to evaluate an individual’s potential for service. The organization also uses the test to determine aptitude for various military occupational specialties (MOS). The use of aptitude tests began during World War I. While the group-administered Army Alpha test measured verbal and numerical ability as well as general knowledge, the Army Beta test was used to evaluate illiterate, unschooled and non-English speaking volunteers and draftees. The Army and Navy General Classifications Tests replaced the Alpha and Beta tests as a means to measure cognitive ability during World War II. The results of these tests, as well as additional classification exams, were used to assign recruits to a particular MOS.
As a general rule of thumb, anything over an 85 on the ASVAB will qualify you for nearly any position in the armed forces. But there are slight breakdowns within each score. For example, in order to qualify for Surveillance and Communications (SC) in the Army, Word Knowledge, Paragraph Comprehension, Arithmetic Reasoning, Auto & Shop and Mechanical Comprehension all require high marks. Though scoring an 85 or above would guarantee you scored in a high enough percentile to qualify for SC.
Tests are administered at participating schools. Neither schools nor students incur any costs for taking the ASVAB or using the Career Exploration Program. A test administrator is provided for every testing session and that person has no additional recruitment responsibilities. Various accommodations are available for the ASVAB, such as having questions read aloud, providing extra time, and other accommodations. School staff members are responsible, however, for tests that are administered with accommodations because test administrators are only able to administer the ASVAB by following the standardized procedure. If the test is being used for enlisting, only scores obtained during standardized test sessions (with no accommodations) can be used.
Los miembros de la reserva de la Marina Naval constituyen el 20% de la fuerza total naval, y también pueden servir como reservistas de apoyo a tiempo completo en los puestos de formación y administración de la marina de guerra que ofrecen el mismo sueldo, subsidios y beneficios que para los miembros en servicio activo (ver Recursos). Necesitarás una puntuación mínima AFQT de 31 para alistarte en la Marina Naval si tienes un diploma de escuela secundaria, y una puntuación de 50 si tienes un GED. Una puntuación de 50 AFQT también es el puntaje mínimo para calificar para el Fondo Universitario Naval y el programa de pago de la universidad.
It's important to understand the difference between the ASVAB Standard Scores, and the ASVAB AFQT score. Test takers will receive a separate score for each of the nine sections on the ASVAB. These scores are known as Standard Scores. A Standard Score is used to determine how the test taker compares to the "average" 18-23 year old American on that part of the ASVAB. Not long ago, a large number of people in this age group were given the tests, and these results are the benchmark for Standard Scores. Around half the people in this age group will score a 50 or higher, and about 16% will score a 60 or higher. In other words, the scoring is based on a standard bell curve distribution. Standard Scores are very important when it comes to determining which military job a person will be assigned to.

In the 1950s, the military adopted a single exam known as the Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT). Used as a screening tool, the AFQT measured a recruit’s ability to absorb military training and their future potential. It was supplemented by service-specific battery tests for the purposes of MOS classification. In 1972, the Department of Defense determined that all services should use one exam for screening and assigning individuals to an MOS. The AFQT was phased out over a two-year period in favor of the current Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) test.


The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) is one of the most widely used multiple-aptitude test batteries in the world. It was originally designed to predict success in military occupations and is used today to help both those considering entering the military (mostly high school-aged students, but also anyone who is eligible to enlist) as well as those not interested in military service (who comprise the majority of current ASVAB test takers) what sort of career may be the best fit for them. Scores from the ASVAB can be used when enlisting in the military. Students interested in taking the ASVAB should check with their high school to find out when and if the ASVAB will be offered at their school. If it is not offered, students should meet with their guidance counselor to determine if it is possible to schedule a testing session in the future. There is no cost to take the ASVAB.
Las Fuerzas Armadas usan las calificaciones obtenidas por los alumnos en el ASVAB para identificar los empleos que mejor se acoplan a tus habilidades. Los alumnos de los primeros años, los de último año y los que están llevando estudios superiores pueden usar las calificaciones que obtuvieron en el ASVAB para alistarse hasta dos años después de haber rendido el examen.
Quienes no viven cerca de un MEPS pueden realizar el examen (por lo general con lápiz y papel) en una ubicación satelital llamada centro MET (Prueba de Entrada a las Fuerzas Armadas, por sus siglas en inglés). Todos los reclutas militares deben realizar el ASVAB, incluso si ya realizaron el ASVAB CEP en la escuela secundaria. El ASVAB que se realiza en el MEPS añade una sección llamada Ensamblaje de objetos, con un total de nueve asignaturas.
Comer una comida ligera antes de la prueba (el desayuno o el almuerzo, dependiendo de la hora de prueba). Usted estará en mejores condiciones para pensar cuando se tiene algo de comida en el estómago. Sin embargo, no comer demasiado. Usted no quiere estar somnoliento durante la prueba. Además, no beber demasiada agua. Los procuradores de prueba le permitirá usar el baño si es necesario, pero con ciertas reglas.
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The SAT requires training of the mind. More specifically it requires one to be able to pick up on context clues, make valid assumptions, and express concrete facts. This is why millions of students study intensely before they jump right into the test. Imagine if another area was added onto that same test. The person studying for that test would then need to study even harder. That is the logic that should be put forth when preparing for the ASVAB. It requires that a person expresses the previously mentioned skills while adding the verbal/physical aspects. The question becomes “How does one prepare themselves for this rigorous test?”
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